New Mexico Research and Development Tax Credit Summary
New Mexico provides a research and development (R&D) tax credit to qualified small business taxpayers conducting research in New Mexico. Here is a summary of the credit:
- The credit is equal to the sum of all gross receipts taxes and 50% of withholding taxes paid on behalf of employees and owners with no more than five percent ownership, that are due to the state.
- For report periods beginning on or after July 1, 2011, and before June 30, 2015, but for no more than 35 consecutive calendar months after the first month for which a claim for the credit is made by a taxpayer or by a person to whom the taxpayer is a successor, pursuant to Section 7-1-61 NMSA 1978. The time period between July 1, 2009, through June 30, 2011 is not included in the determination of consecutive calendar months, but claims made for report periods after July 2005 or prior to July 1, 2009, are included.
- A qualified business is a corporation, general partnership or similar entity with 25 or fewer employees, revenues under $5 million annually and whose qualified research and development expenditures for the prior 12 months was equal to at least 20% of total expenditures for those calendar months.
- A taxpayer may claim the credit within 1 year after the end of the report period, by attaching Form RPD-41298, Research and Development Small Business Tax Credit Claim Form, to the CRS-1 form. Claiming the credit against a report period renders the taxpayer ineligible to claim the investment credit or technology jobs tax credit against the same report period.
- NEW: Effective January 1, 2015, the Technology Jobs Tax Credit Act is revised to add an incentive for R&D small businesses, and as of January 1, 2016, will be known as the Technology Jobs and Research and Development Tax Credit Act. The new legislation allows R&D small businesses to obtain the new “technology jobs and research and development tax credit” for qualified expenditures made after January 1, 2015. For report periods between January 1, 2015, and June 30, 2015, a taxpayer who becomes eligible for a “research and development small business tax credit” can choose to either claim the “research and development small business tax credit” or the “technology jobs and research and development tax credit”. Likewise, a taxpayer who claims a “technology jobs and research and development tax credit” is ineligible to claim the “research and development small business tax credit” for the same reporting period. The taxpayer must not employ more than 50 employees and must not have qualified expenditures of more than $5 million. The basic credit is equal to 5% of qualified expenditures. There is an additional 5% credit available for taxpayers that raise their in-state payroll by $75,000 for every $1 million in qualified expenditures.
New Mexico R&D Tax Credit Case Study
An Albuquerque company designs and manufactures components for the aerospace industry. The company claims R&D credits each year for the development activities of its engineers. This project involved a multi-year study covering the tax year 2015. The Company qualified for the federal R&D Tax Credit of $135,333 and an additional $65,000 of state R&D Tax Credit in New Mexico. Summary of credits:
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